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Den Lille Galaterbrevskommentar






VERSE 1. Paul, an apostle, (not of men, etc.)

VERSE 1. And God the Father, who raised him from the dead.

VERSE 2. And all the brethren which are with me.

VERSE 2. Unto the churches of Galatia.

VERSE 3. Grace be to you, and peace, from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ.

VERSE 4. Who gave himself for our sins.

VERSE 4. That he might deliver us from this present evil world.

VERSE 5. To whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

VERSE 6. I marvel.

VERSE 6. That ye are so soon.

VERSE 6. I marvel that ye are so soon removed.

VERSE 6. From him that called you into the grace of Christ.

VERSE 6. Unto another gospel.

VERSE 7. Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you.

VERSE 7. And would pervert the gospel of Christ.

VERSE 8. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.

VERSE 9. As we said before, so say I now again. If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.

VERSE 10. For do I now persuade men, or God?

VERSE 10. Or do I seek to please men?

VERSE 10. For if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.

VERSES 11, 12. But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

VERSES 13, 14. For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it: And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation.

VERSE 14. Being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.

VERSES 15, 16, 17. But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace. To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood: Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.

VERSE 15. When it pleased God.

VERSE 15. Who separated me from my mother's womb.

VERSE 15. And called me by his grace.

VERSE 16. To reveal his Son to me.

VERSE 16. That I might preach him among the heathen.

VERSE 16. Immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood.

VERSE 17. Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.

VERSES 18, 19. Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days. But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

VERSE 20. Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not.

VERSE 21. Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia.

VERSES 22, 23, 24. And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ: But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed. And they glorified God in me.



Chapter 2

VERSE 1. Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem.

VERSE 1. With Barnabas,and took Titus with me also.

VERSE 2. And I went up by revelation.

VERSE 2. And communicated unto them that gospel.

VERSE 2. Which I preach among the Gentiles.

VERSE 2. But privately to them which were of reputation.

VERSE 2. Lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.

VERSE 3. But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised.

VERSES 4,5. And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage: To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

VERSE 6. But of those who seemed to be somewhat, whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me.

VERSE 6. God accepteth no man's person.

VERSE 6. For they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me.

VERSES 7, 8. But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter; for he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles.

VERSE 8. For he that wrought effectually in Peter.

VERSE 9. And when James, Cephas and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

VERSE 9. The right hands of fellowship.

VERSE 11. But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.

VERSE 12. For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles.

VERSE 12. But when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.

VERSE 13. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.

VERSE 14. But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel.

VERSE 14. I said unto Peter before them all, If thou being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews

VERSE 15. We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles.

VERSE 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ.

VERSE 16. For by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

VERSE 17. But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.

VERSE 17. Is therefore Christ the minister of sin?

VERSE 17. God forbid.

VERSE 18. For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.

VERSE 19. For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

VERSE 20. I am crucified with Christ.

VERSE 20. Nevertheless I live.

VERSE 20. Yet not I.

VERSE 20. But Christ liveth in me.

VERSE 20. And the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God.

VERSE 20. For me.

VERSE 21. I do not frustrate the grace of God.

VERSE 21. For if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.




VERSE 1. O foolish Galatians.

VERSE 1. Who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth?

VERSE 1. Who hath bewitched you?

VERSE 1. That ye should not obey the truth.

VERSE 1. Before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth.

VERSE 1. Crucified among you.

VERSE 2. This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

VERSE 3. Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

VERSE 4. Have ye suffered so many things in vain?

VERSE 4. If it be yet in vain.

VERSE 5. He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

VERSE 6. Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

VERSE 7. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

VERSE 7. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

VERSE 8. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith.

VERSE 8. Preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.

VERSE 9. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.

VERSE 10. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse.

VERSE 10. For it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

Objections to the Doctrine of Faith Disproved

VERSE 11. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

VERSE 12. But, The man that doeth them shall live in them.

VERSE 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.

VERSE 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come, on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ.

VERSE 14. That we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

VERSE 15. Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.

VERSE 16. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

VERSE 17. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

VERSE 18. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise.

VERSE 18. But God gave it to Abraham by promise.

The Apostle now goes to work to explain the province and purpose of the Law.

VERSE 19. Wherefore then serveth the law?

VERSE 19. It was added because of transgressions.

The Twofold Purpose of the Law

VERSE 19. It was added because of transgressions.

VERSE 19. Till the seed should come to whom the promise was made.

VERSE 19. And it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

VERSE 20. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one.

VERSE 20. But God is one.

VERSE 21. Is the law then against the promises of God?

VERSE 21. God forbid.

VERSE 21. For if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

VERSE 22. But the Scripture hath concluded all under sin.

VERSE 22. That the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

VERSE 23. But before faith came.

VERSE 23. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

VERSE 23. Shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

VERSE 24. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ.

VERSE 24. That we might be justified by faith.

VERSE 25. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

VERSE 26. For we are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

VERSE 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

VERSE 28. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female; for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

VERSE 28. For ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

VERSE 29. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.




VERSE 1. Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be Lord of all;

VERSE 2. But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.

VERSE 3. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world.

VERSE 3. Under the elements of the world.

VERSES 4, 5. But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law.

VERSE 5. That we might receive the adoption of sons.

Verse 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts.

VERSE 6. Crying, Abba, Father.

VERSE 7. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son.

VERSE 7. And if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

VERSE 7. Through Christ.

VERSES 8 and 9. Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?

VERSE 9. But now, after that ye have known God.

VERSE 9. Or rather are known of God.

VERSE 9. Whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage.

VERSE 10. Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.

VERSE 11. I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in vain.

VERSE 12. Be as I am; for I am as ye are.

VERSE 12. Be as I am; for I am as ye are.

VERSE 12. Brethren, I beseech you. . . Ye have not injured me at all.

VERSE 12. Ye have not injured me at all.

VERSES 13, 14. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.

VERSE 15. Where is then the blessedness ye spoke of?

VERSE 15. For I bear you record, that, if it had been possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me.

VERSE 16. Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth?

VERSE 17. They zealously affect you, but not well.

VERSE 17. Yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them.

VERSE 18. But it is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing, and not only when I am present with you.

VERSE 19. My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you.

VERSE 20. I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice.

VERSE 20. For I stand in doubt of you.

VERSE 21. Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

VERSES 22, 23. For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.

VERSE 24. Which things are an allegory.

VERSES 24, 25. For these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia.

VERSE 25. And answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

VERSE 26. But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

Sarah, the Church, as the bride of Christ bears free children who are not subject to the Law.

VERSE 27. For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.

VERSE 28. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.

VERSE 29. But as that he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

VERSE 30. Nevertheless what saith the Scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the free woman.

VERSE 31. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.




VERSE 1. Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.

VERSE 1. And be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

VERSE 2. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

VERSE 3. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.

VERSE 4. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

VERSE 4. Ye are fallen from grace.

VERSE 6. For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

VERSE 6. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which worketh by love.

VERSE 7. Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth?

VERSE 7. Who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth?

VERSE 8. This persuasion cometh not of him that calleth you.

VERSE 9. A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.

VERSE 10. I have confidence in you through the Lord.

VERSE 10. That ye will be none otherwise minded.

VERSE 10. But be that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.

VERSE 11. And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offense of the cross ceased.

VERSE 12. I would they were even cut off which trouble you.

VERSE 13. For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.







Cand.theol. Finn B. Andersen